The political role of Great Britain in modern world
school # 5
The political role of Great Britain in modern world
by Timur Saatashvili, 11 “A” grade
Altynova Galina Anatolyevna
The political role of Great Britain in modern world.
Analyzing the current world political situation I wonder why since the
beginning of the twentieth century Great Britain, a colonial empire in the
past, been losing its influence in the world step by step and nowadays it
is worth speaking not about the British political but merely about holding
its own current stand? Why doesn’t it want Europe to be united and
independent of the US? This problem becomes more urgent nowadays when the
American influence’s weakening and the political opponent which prevents us
from being a full member of the European society. The U.K. takes part in
all international committees in Chechnya. Its territory is used by lots of
anti – Russian Wakhabbist organizations that provides Chechen terrorists
and separatists. Its subversive activities have the only aim to isolate
Russia. And I couldn’t help taking such a theme where I will analyze the
British policy, explain it and try to find alternatives for the English
foreign political line.
After the Second World War England lost its political independence,
becoming an American satellite.
Forming the Anglo – American alliance was especially influenced by the
so – called Americanocentrist conceptions by Zbignev Bzhezinski and
According to Spikesman’s theory, the geographical authority of any
state takes shape by not its inland territories, but coastline. He
emphasizes three large centers of world power: the Atlantic Seashore of
North America and Europe and the Far East of Eurasia. These territories
were called a rimland. This way Great Britain and the US must from an
alliance and that was done soon.
Being an American ally, England has become a reliable Fifth Column in
the European Union. The British government has been trying its best to
prevent Europe from unifying processes, once protesting against founding
European Central Bank and the singe European currency “euro” and attempting
together with the US to quarrel the European states with one another and to
direct their aggression against the third one like Yugoslavia. Due to its
pro – American foreign policy, Great Britain has become the second leader
of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. right now the U.K. and the US
are at the head of all NATO’s military operations, like “The Shield of the
desert”, “The Storm in the desert”, in 1991, “The Fox in the desert” in
1998 and the anti – Yugoslavian aggression in 1999. Speaking about the
NATO’s last campaign, the U.K. and the US destabilized an ethnic situation
in Europe, because during the NATO’s bombardments tens and thousands of
thousands of Albanian refugees poured into Germany, Albania and some other
countries. That needs no saying, the Albanians from Kosovo and Methokia
complicated the social – political situation in these states. Its result
was the criminal increase and the growth of unemployment among the
This way we can make the only confusion: the foreign policy of Great
Britain (i.e. the US) in Europe has the aim to weaken the main integrating
power – Russia and Germany as much as possible.
As fro Germany, being a powerful state, it is spreading its economic
influence in Chechia, Slovakia and especially in Chernogoria where
President Milo Dzuganovich put DM in circulation instead of the Yugoslavian
Of course, it has weakened the British authority in the Balkan region
very much, and the English government cannot ignore it. Unfortunately, the
U.K.‘s forgotten it’s not a world power. That is why its actions against
every anti – British demarche of European countries are extremely hasty and
asymmetrical. Remember Prime – Minister of Great Britain Anthony Blair’s
intention of liquidating Russian landing troops in 1999 after having
occupied Slatino airport in Prishtina. To my mind it is clear what
consequences would have taken place after that.
But why is the British foreign policy so anti – German – Russian? The
work “The Geographical Axis of History” by English scientist Halfrod
McKinder answers it. According to his theory the alliance of Russia and
Germany to struggle for the world power against Great Britain and the US is
extremely dangerous and fatal for the last ones. Well now it is clear why
the buffer of averagly developed countries between Russia and Germany was
formed and what “Truman’s doctrine” was based on.
Thus nowadays the Anglo – American alliance has achieved its aim,
dividing our states and making our relations rather difficult and cool.
Following the American foreign political way, England must carry the
mutal responsibility for their blunders. The same situation is taking place
in Kosovo and Metkhia now. Due to the Anglo – American pro – Albanian and
anti – Serbian policy the UCK becomes more and more impudent, firing gat
the KFOR’s patrols, occupying Macedonian territory and assaulting tetovo
while the NATO’s doing nothing to protect Kosovo and Macedonia and to
defeat the UCK because of being only very anxious for its soldiers and
nothing more. This way, after the Anglo – American carrions crows’
triumphant air raids to Serbia the NATO cannot cope with a small group of
the UCK’s thugs (or does not want to do it) and has to allow the Federal
troops of Yugoslavia to patrol Kosovo’s part of Yugoslavian – Macedonian
boundaries near Preshevo. Such an embarrassing and foolish situation, of
course, has damaged the British authority in the world.
The prospects of the British co – operation with other states.
As a matter of fact there are only two alternatives of the British
foreign political development. The first one is changing nothing but
England should know nowadays most political analysists agree that soon
playing the role of a sort of a oikumena, the US will exert itself to the
utmost. The American industry and production cannot compete with the
European ones not only in the world but even in its domestic American
market. It is the beginning of the political and economic degradation of
the USA without which the U.K. means nothing. And it is out of question, no
European state will want to deal with the former American satellite. The
British future is awful, I think.
But there is the second way: a very close both political and economic
co – operation with the Eurounion. Well, and what would Great Britain be
able to propose? firstly, the reorganization of the NATO’s troops into the
Eurounion’s ones, liquidation of the American military bases in Europe;
secondly, substituting dollars for “euros” in golden currency reserves of
the European states.
But what way will Great Britain prefer? Time will show.
Well, you see I have proved my hypothesis. In my work I have come to
the following conclusion unconsoling for Great Britain:
1. It does not run its own independent foreign policy, being the US’s
2. Its pro – American position antagonizes other European states;
3. The British government must change its foreign policy as quickly as it
The list of used literature.
1. Encyclopedia for Children “Avanta +”, volume # 12 “Russia”, p. 640 –
2. Encyclopedia for Children “Avanta +”, volume # 1 “World History”, p.
610 – 613, 657 – 658.
3. Encyclopedia for Children “Avanta +”, volume # 13 “States, Peoples,
Civilizations”, p. 129, 246, 272, 276, 367, 369.
4. “Politicians and Rulers”. T. Varlamova, p. 506.
5. “Russia: the 20-th century. Politics and Culture”. N. Starikov, p.
6. “The Geographical Axis of History”. H. McKinder.
7. “The Politology”. M. Marchenko, p. 375.
This way I have put forward the following hypothesis: the political
authority of Great Britain is nominal nowadays.
To prove it I have used the following methods of getting the material:
> Case Study
> Making Conclusions
> Making Comparisons and Analogies.