Расширенный поиск
рефераты Главная
рефераты Астрономия и космонавтика
рефераты Биология и естествознание
рефераты Бухгалтерский учет и аудит
рефераты Военное дело и гражданская оборона
рефераты Государство и право
рефераты Журналистика издательское дело и СМИ
рефераты Краеведение и этнография
рефераты Производство и технологии
рефераты Религия и мифология
рефераты Сельское лесное хозяйство и землепользование
рефераты Социальная работа
рефераты Социология и обществознание
рефераты Спорт и туризм
рефераты Строительство и архитектура
рефераты Таможенная система
рефераты Транспорт
рефераты Делопроизводство
рефераты Деньги и кредит
рефераты Инвестиции
рефераты Иностранные языки
рефераты Информатика
рефераты Искусство и культура
рефераты Исторические личности
рефераты История
рефераты Литература
рефераты Литература зарубежная
рефераты Литература русская
рефераты Авиация и космонавтика
рефераты Автомобильное хозяйство
рефераты Автотранспорт
рефераты Английский
рефераты Антикризисный менеджмент
рефераты Адвокатура
рефераты Банковское дело и кредитование
рефераты Банковское право
рефераты Безопасность жизнедеятельности
рефераты Биографии
рефераты Маркетинг реклама и торговля
рефераты Математика
рефераты Медицина
рефераты Международные отношения и мировая экономика
рефераты Менеджмент и трудовые отношения
рефераты Музыка
рефераты Кибернетика
рефераты Коммуникации и связь
рефераты Косметология
рефераты Криминалистика
рефераты Криминология
рефераты Криптология
рефераты Кулинария
рефераты Культурология
рефераты Налоги
рефераты Начертательная геометрия
рефераты Оккультизм и уфология
рефераты Педагогика
рефераты Политология
рефераты Право
рефераты Предпринимательство
рефераты Программирование и комп-ры
рефераты Психология
рефераты Радиоэлектроника

Темы по английскому за 9 класс

Темы по английскому за 9 класс

№1 Traveling

Many people like to travel because it is interesting, attractive & you can

see new different places. There are few reasons why people travel. The

first: they visit other counters for getting more useful information about

this country, his nation, languages & so on. The second reason people

travel for relax. Sometimes it is necessary to leave your house & have a

rest. As usual people go trip in their holidays. I certainly like to

travel too, because it is interesting for me to see new countries & places

This summer I have been in Turkey in small town Marmaris. It is there

pretty small town without any monuments & museums .It is situated in the

southern part of Turkey in the Again sea. My parent’s &I lived in a little

hotel in the seashore. Every evening in the embankment a lot of small

restaurants were opened & it was very pleasant to walk along the shore &

breath fresh sea air. It was a lovely picturesque place. I like it very

mach. But I wasn’t impressed by it. I have more fan & relax in the Black

Sea. I spend there only 2 days, but they leave in my memory more

recollections that 2 weeks in Marmaris. In the morning I got up early for

getting seashells but most of all I enjoy jumping over the waves .It was

really impressive. But I began to miss my home other that I have so

remarkable holidays in my life. Why people miss their homes? The home is

the place where we live from day to day & we can not forget it. This place

are always stayed in owe memory as the best & comfortable place in the

world. All good recollections connected with it.

№2 Family

The word “family” is asocial with warm tender relations between members of

the family. It is very important when there is understanding among people

in the family an consideration fortress such relations became possible when

people in the family show other terms with ea-ch other, do many things

tougher tall joys survive troubles & living friendly. Loving people gives

you felling of happiness. But nowadays young People think that family can

not consist only on love & understanding. The causal position & celery are

important too. When you ha-ve a good education you can easily find good

work. Also if you have own flat It is easily to make family. Now Young

people understand that to make a family is there sires step in life & they

to do everything for make their future family happy. In our family the

relations are very good & friendly. But certainly, like in every family we

have quarrels specially between me & my sister, but they are very shot &

soon we again live in peace. In our family relations are build on an

understanding each other .I there live my parents. My mother is very

kindhearted women she always help me & my sister to decide my problems. My

father is kind too but some times he is strict But I most of all like my

sister’s character, we are there friendly because we alike. I & me sister

understand each other earthward. My family help me to live & to understand

the world around me. & I very thank my parents.

№3 Science

Science possesses a very great creative potential which lets the people

explore the world. They exploring new territories ,Always ready to face the

unknown We know a lot of people who de-voted their lives to scientific

work. They were sure their work was carried out for the benefit to society.

Science did a lot to improve the life of society. Among them Michael

Faraday-English Physicist & Chemist, Tommas Edison the inventor of electric

lights & hundredth & hundredths of other scientists .in the world every

year held a lot of premiums for the achievements of the year in different

directions in science. The main premium of Alfred Nobel. It appeared in1896

& it is steal the main premium for scientist. Nobel himself was a very good

chemist & excellent linguist His greatest wish, however ,was to see an end

to wars, & thus peace between nations ,& he spend much time & money

working for this course until his death in Italy in 1896.His famous will,

in which he left money to provide prizes for outstanding work in Physics,

Chemistry, Physiology, Medicine, Literature & Peace, is a memorial to his

interests & ideals. There are scientist working for Good. For example

Einstein devoted theories that gave birth to the atomic age. He realized

that the atomic age put in-to man’s hands a power greater than he had ever

known. It prove that scientists work can be useful or determined all depend

from person how make discovery.

№4 Tv

Many people have forgotten what the world was like before TV. But today it

has become an integral part of our live. No can compare with TV as a means

of information, entertainment & education. TV now plays such an important

role in so many people's lives that it is essential for us to try to decide

whether it is bad or good.On the first place TV is not only a convenient

source of entertainment, but also a comparatively cheap one. For a family

it is more convenient as well as cheaper to sit comfortably at home than to

go out. They don't have to pay for expensive tickets to the cinema. All

they have to do is to turn on TV and they can see political news ,football

matches and films. TV, people often say, informs about current events &

the latest developments in science and politics. A lot of good films,

music programs have appeared recently on TV. We get to like watching TV so

much that it begins to dominate our lives. Some-times, than TV set broke

people suddenly found that they had much more time to do things. The most

important thing which is really critiquing is poor quality of the programs

and its harmful effect on children. For example the film " Natural Born

Killers" teaches children to kill and there was one accident in France when

a group of teenagers kill their parents. There are many arguments for and

against TV.I think we must understand that TV in itself is neither good nor

bad. TV is as good or as bad as we make it.

№5 или №20 Charecters

During our life we get in touch with many people. We all know a password:

“So many characters, so many people ”& it is a real truth. I have many

friends & a lot of mats & among them there is no same character. Some of

them very kindhearted & friendly some not so kind but they are try friends

& always help me & their friends, but they are very cold or indifferent

with other people. In every character there are good & bad treats As for me

I consider fair, kind, friendful , try. I think that the-re are 2 sorts of

kind people. The first sort it is really try ,kindhearted people always

ready to help all people in the world other their causal position & other

who only try to look kind & friendly people. But they friendly only with

people whom such people interested in I hate such people because you don’t

know is they are really good or only want to look friendly & I can not

believe them. Every character forms in society therefore in what society

person bring up such character he or she will obtain. Also I believe that

Symbol of Zodiac is influence on the character. Every Symbol have it’s own

treats common for all people born under this symbol. For example I’m Libra

,in my Horoscope Says that in me there are 2 persons. & other good & bad

treats. But I also believe that everyone can change his characters, adding

more good or bad treats.

№6 Profession

What I would like to become? This question passes me greatly. Every job has

its elements of difficulties and interest. I think that nearly all the

professions are very important in life But to choose the right

occupation is very difficult, because we must take in to consideration many

factors. We must consider our personal taste and our kind of mind. After

we end school begin an independent life, it is beginning of a more

serious examination. In order to pass that very serious exam we must choose

the road in life which will help us best to live & work Each boy & girl

has every opportunity to develop mind & use knowledge & education received

at school. Some may prefer to work in factories or works, others want to

go into construction: to take part in building power stations and new

towns. Many opportunities to work & to satisfy at the same time the

requirements of the society and your own personal interest are offered in

the sphere of the services transport, communications and many others I have

a specially liking for to became a lower I like this profession because it

want to help people applying my knowledge. Also I want make good career

Whether profession we choose to follow the greatest pleasure will surely

come from filling that you occupation is useful to people.”Find a job you

like & you’ll never have the work a day in your life”.

№7 Enviroment

The poisoning of the world's land, air, and water is the fastest-spreading

disease of civilisation. It probably produces fewer headlines than wars,

earthquakes and floods but it is potentially one of history's greatest

dangers to human life on earth. If present trends continue for the next

several decades, our planet will become uninhabitable. Overpopulation,

pollution and energy consumption have created such planet-wide problems as

massive deforestation, ozone depletion, acid rains and the global warming

that is believed to be coursed by the greenhouse effect. The seas are in

danger. They are filled with poison: industrial and nuclear waste, chemical

fertilisers and pesticides. The Mediterranean is already nearly dead; the

North Sea is following. The Aral Sea is on the brink of extinction. If

nothing is done about it, one day nothing will be able to live in the

seas.Every10 minutes one kind of animal, plant or insect dies out for ever

.Industrial enter-prises emit tons of harmful substances. These emissions

have disastrous consequences for our planet. They are the main reason for

the greenhouse effect and acid rains An even greater environmental threat

are nuclear power stations. We all know how tragic the consequences of the

Chernobyl disaster are. People are beginning to realise that environment

problems are not somebody else's. They join and support various

international organisation and green parties. If governments wake up to

what is happening-perhaps we'll be able to avoid the disaster that

threatens the natural world and all of us with it.

№8 Books

Books bring pleasure & delight to readers. They entertain & develop owe

imagination The bo-oks is a faithful friend. Sometimes after was read book

we deep in fought of the problem whi-ch was discussion in it. We often read

or hear that someone after hi read book enjoy new ides or be so delight

that he change & began to see world in another color. Writers tries to

portray life in it’s richness or make his story or poem with humor for

brought pleasure & delight to readers The book is there old tying. First

library was founded in Egypt more then 3000years BC. At first time they

were very rare because books were writing by hands. This process last-ed

for many years. Nowadays there great amount Of books & you can always fined

smoking for your rise. Books can be About lives of different people,

detective stores, novels, encyc-lopedias & many other. Now TV is compare

books & some people prefer to watch films than read books, but they more

interesting. I don’t like to read like most children nowadays, but I like

to read novels, detective stores & fantasy have a lot of books at home also

I can take so-me of them in the library. Now there are a lot of books & you

can not keep all them at home but if you need a book you can go to the

library it is a house of books. Books with us all our life. In childhood we

liked to listened fables .teenagers like to read adventures. They help us

to live & understand world around us, to relax & the main reason we books

are necessary they bring a lot of pleasure


The city is the place where situated all industrial cultures & education

centers. In big cities you can find museums, theaters, clubs, cinema ,big

shops & hospitals People try to live in cites be-cause all necessary

objects are situated near For example if you ill the hospital or chemist

shop will situated near your home in the city but if you live in

countryside it will hard to find any medicine help or hospital fare from

city. Also in big cites you can fiend all sorts of entertainment such as

cinemas clubs entertaining parks & so on. Many people like to spend their

free time in clubs ,entertaining parks because it is help them to relax &

bring them a lot of pleasure It is really comfortable that everything you

need in daily life situated near you. One of the most important comfort of

big cites that you can fast drive up to your job for example. Yes, it is

really comfortable, & at first glance everything is good but nowadays

big cites there are a great amount of cars & factories Big cites suffering

of overpopulation, duty of air, & water, The streets became nosy & after

hard working day people can not relax. People try to do everything to go

to countryside because only where they can fiend quite. Every holiday &

every week-end people try to leave their houses &go to the village. As for

me I prefer to live in big cites because A lot of big shops situated near

my home, but I also like to spend my holidays in the countryside because

after I spend in city about 9 months I began to get tired.

№10 Sport

I think that if you don’t want to feel fit you’d better go in for one kind

of sport or another. I should admit that everyone must do all he can to be

healthy. Good health is better than the best medicine. The English proverb

«Sickness in the body brings sickness to the mind» expresses a similar idea

but from different point of view. All kinds of physical exercises are very

useful to make our bodies strong as we want. To tell the truth I don’t do

sports regularly and it is not an essential part of my daily life. but I

like it summer I to swim & play tennis basketball, football. In winter, you

can skiing & skating it is useful too. Of course, I like to watch sports

completions on TV. Fortunately, they show different ones-football,

basketball. I like tennis tournaments very much. Also I admire skiing

champion-ships , biathlon , swimming Doing sports a man become strong,

healthy and gay. He begins to take care of his health. Certainly in every

school there are sport grounds & gyms In owe school we have a nice gym

.Games is popular among children. Many of they train at special sport

school where held a lot of competitions. Every year many championships held

all over the world. Among them the greatest is Olympic Games a lot of

Russian sportsman also win them. We mast know that sport help us to be

healthy & «Good health is better than wealth»,

№11 Education in Russia

An educated person is one who knows a lot about many things. I think it is

very important that everyone should be educated. Each pupils mast to do

everything to become a useful member of our society. Education is very

important in our life. In the Russian Federation the school education is

compulsory. Pupils begin to go to school at the age of 6.When they complete

high grades they can either continue to study at school for more 2 years,

or go to a professional school where they study not only main subjects, but

are able to learn some profession When pupils leave school they can try to

continue their education in institutes or universities. There are many

school types of schools in Russia: specialized, politecnical, musical art

and others. Nowadays appeared some new types of schools: gymnasiums and

colleges. I learn in one of the specialized schools in Moscow. To my mind,

our school is very well equipped. It has a gym, a library, a computer class

and some labs(for example - chemistry lab or physics lab). At school we had

classes in Russian, literature, mathematics, English, history and so on. My

favorite subjects were English, History and Russian My favorite subjects

were English, Biology & Chemistry .I like English because I began better

understand my native language & I need it for my future besides it is very

interesting to read books, listen the news ,speak with English–speaking

people. The Biology & Chemistry is interesting for me because learn them

very easy & because it is interesting for me to know from what consist

things around us. I like owe school because we have a very good teachers &

it is interesting to learn subjects when the teacher is good. School is one

of owe houses in life.

№12 Hobby

Everyone have spare time. The time when person can do everything he/she

like or interested in. Some people prefer to spend their free time slipping

at home, watching TV or listening ra-dio; Another like hiking ,travelling,

getting with friends visited galleries, cinemas or gathering something. The

things which people like to do in their spare time are

calls–Hobbies.Hobbies can be different They divide in to 2 sorts. The first

it is when person prefer doing something for example watching TV or

travailing The second hobby is gathering marks corns audio or video

cassettes. As for my I like to gathering audio cassettes. I get a lot of

pleasure Gathering cassette with music which I like. I relax then I listen

music, not all certainly. Also it is interesting for me to go travel & walk

with my friends often visited new places & it is very exiting. We like to

vi-sited consertets ,& listen our favourite music Also I interested with

computers I like to play computers games making programmes but most of all

I enjoy with Internet Every weekend I spend a lot of time in Chats

programmes in Internet where people from all over the world meting & talk

about news music ,books & many other interesting things. Some times Hobby

became a profession for example I have friend he’s hobby is music & she

wanted to be pianist .For all people hobby is something which relax

&entertain them. They help people to have a rest. Without hobbies lives of

many people will be dale & ,uniform

№ 13 Mass Media

Mass media (that is the press, the radio and television)play unimportant

role in the life of soci-ety. They reflect corrent events & vital problems.

They also influence the way people look at the world & make them change

their views. Millions of people in their spare time watch TV & read

newspapers. On the radio one can hear music, news and various discussions

or commentaries of current events. On the TV can see a lot of documentary

programs & films Now on Russia TV we have 11channels &you can fined

something for race your mood & relax. It is means for schedule knowledge &

information about everything the world Every day we knead news. We can

certainly see them on TV but you can buy a newspapers often see people

sitting in the Metro & reading newspaper or magazine. There are variety

sorts of magazines & newspapers They can be about music, politics, sport

half & so on Nowadays big cities overfull of great amount of news &

information Some people read everything they buy. It's no mater what they

read &What about &they only lose their time. But there are people who read

only that magazines & newspapers which they interesting or kneaded think

that MM help us in education & daily life only when you read only that you

choose Than you read something here sow something there everything confuse

in your head &you’ll know nothing. Also I think that MM is an inventor

because only in XX century we began to understand what role MM plays in our


№14 Australia

The Commonwealth of Australia is a self governing federal state. It is

situated in the southwe-st of the Pacific ocean, occupying the continent of

Australia and a great number of islands near it Australia is a continent-

island washed by the Indian & the Pacific Oceans. The country consists of 6

states and 2 territories16 million people live in Australia. The capital is

Canberra The official language is English.Australia is an important

producer and exporter of primary products wool, meat, sugar, fruit, iron,

gold and so on. Most of the factories are situated near big cities There

are 4 big cities in Australia: Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth. These

cities are also the country's main ports. Canberra was specially planned as

a capital. It is a quiet city. All the government buildings are situated

there. There no industrial plants in the city. About 300000 people live in

Canberra. Sydney is the oldest and largest city in Australia. It was

founded in 1788. Sydney is a big industrial centre. About 3 million people

now live in the city Australian Parliament has two chambers, the house of

Representatives and the Senate. The government of the country is headed by

the Prime Minister. Australia is not only far from the rest of the world,

it has a bad climate, too The climate is better in the east and south-east,

where most big cities have grownup. But the northern coast has too much

rain, and the western coast is too dry. The highest part of Australia, and

almost all the mountains are near the coast. The whole central part of the

country is dry; it never rains, there are no large rivers and no water

there. So there is no very rich plant life in Australia want to visit this

country because I think it have there interesting history &also this

country is differ than other English-streaking countries.

№15 GB

GB is situated on the British Isles & as a whole is a densely populated

country. The population of country is more then 56 million people. The

country has a very good geographical position as it lies on the crossways

of the sea routes from Europe to other parts of the world. The sea

connected GB with most of the world & influence the climate of the country.

Thanks to the Atlantic oscine & the Golf-Stream, a warm ocean current, the

climate of GB is warm & damp. GB is a highly developed industrial country.

It is known as exporters of iron & steel products, chemicals & navigation

equipment. GB is a country with old cultural traditions & customs The most

famous educational centers are Ox-ford & Cambridge universities .They are

consider to be the intellectual centers of Europe. The education is not

free it is very expensive. GB is a Parliamentary monarchy .The monarchy is

one of the old English traditions. It has no power .The Queen of GB

“doesn’t rule ,but reigns” The country is governed by the Parliament,

consisting of the Queen (or King) The House of Commons & The House of

Lords, but government elected with the Prime Minister at the head. GB

consist of 4 main parts: England ,Wales, Scotland, & Northern Ireland. The

relief in the South & East is flat. Scotland &Wales are mountains & hilly.

But the mountains are not high ,The highest one is Ben Nevis in Scotland.

It is 1343 meters high. There are many rivers in GB but they are not long.

Many of rivers are connected with each other by means of channels .The main

rivers are: The Seven, The Themes, The Shannon & The Clyde.

№16 London

London is one of the world’s most enjoyable cities It is a capitol of GB.

Visited by the tourists in the million , the city offers them an

astonishing variety of scenes .The city is situated on the river Thames.

London can be divided into 4 main parts: The City, The East End, The West

End & Westminster. London was founded 2000 years BC, so London has a very

rich history & a lot of monuments of history. The most famous of them are:

St. Paul’s Cathedral, Trafalgar Square, The Tower of London & Westminster

abbey. Westminster Abbey is a national shrine Where the kings and queens

are crowned & famous people are burred. Founded by Edward the Confessor in

1055,the Abbey was a monastery for a long time The present building dates

largely from the time of Henry III W ho began to rebuild the church ,a

task which lasted hearty 300 years. The west towers were added in the

eighteen centre. Since William I almost every English monarch has been

crowned in this great church, which contains the tombs & memorials of many

Britain’s most eminent citizen .One of the greatest treasures of The Abbey

is the oaken Coronation Chair made in 1300.The Abbey is also known for it’s

Poet’s Corner. Craves & memorials to many English poets & writers are

clustered round about. Londoners are there proud of their city with it’s

ancient buildings , monuments & architectural masterpieces.

№17 English traditions

Every country and every nation has it's own traditions and customs. It's

very important to know traditions and customs of different people because

It will help you to know more about the history and life of different

nations and countries One cannot speak about England with-out speaking

about it's traditions and customs. They are very important in the life of

English people. Englishman are reputed to be cold, reserved rather

haughtier people. They are nationally polite & they never tied of saying:

"Thank you" or " I’m sorry". They are gently disciplined you never heard

long talk in the straits. They don't rush for seats in buses & trains.

English people do not shake hands when eating. They don't show their

emotions even in tragic situations. Englishman are proud of their

traditions and carefully keep them up. There are six public holidays a year

in GB. Christmas day is one of their favourite holidays. It's celebrated on

the 25-th of December. There are some traditions connected with it. One of

them is to give presents to each other. It is not only children and members

of family. It's a tradition to give Christmas presents to the people you

work with. Another tradition is to send Christmas cards. & many other

pleasant things. Another great holiday is Halloween. It is the day than all

children dresses up in unusual costumes. this holiday selabrateted on the

31 of October.

№18 Russia

Russia occupy a large territory. It stretch almost 10 000 kilometres

from east to west and nearly 5 000 kilometres from north to south. It's

population is 150 000 000 million people.Russia develop for many parts:

Siberia, Ural, European part & Far East. In Russia there are a lot of big

cites in all it’s parts. The capital is Moscow, it is situated in the

European part. There is no over countries in which the climate differs so

much from one part to antherThe climate is deferent in all reigns When it

is still winter in the northern regions of our country the first warm days

arrive in the southern the central regions snow storms & cold are still in

power while in the south people begin to think of spring crops. In the same

season nature looks different in different parts of our country. Siberia is

a region of untold riches, & Ural is riche in different minerals .Russia is

rich in oil, iron, gold, silver and other minerals In our country there are

endless forests, large and small rivers from East to West. Country is

washed by 12 seas of 3 oceans: Pacific, Arctic & the Atlantic Also I’d like

to say a few words about the traditions of Russia. The names of Gzhel and

Khokhloma are considered to be the symbols of Russia as well as matryoshkas

and samovars. Now we celebrate the forgotten holidays-Troisa, Maslenitsa,

Easter We again sing Russian folk songs and chastushki, dance Barinya and

perform khorovods, ride in troikas Traditional Russian cooking is world-

famous for such dishes as okroshka, shi, pelment, kvass. We begin to build

& reconstruct churches.

№19 Moscow

Moscow is a capital of Russia & it is there big & old city, so in Moscow

there are many tourist. They come to our city to acquainted with Russia. In

our home there often comes my parent’s friends from Francs ,Germany & we

show them Moscow. At first every tourist how co-me to Moscow mast visit Red

Square because it is center & hart of our city. There situated the most

beautiful cathedrals in Moscow .for example Santa Basils Cathedral erected

by architectures Postnik & Barma to commemorate Russia’s conquest of The

Kazan Kingdom in 1552 .Moscow is a political ,cultural ,scientific &

education centers in Russia. In Moscow there are a lot of theaters ,museums

,galleries, universities. The greatest ,most beautiful & biggest one of

the theaters is a Bolshow Theater. .It is famous all over the world.

Pushkin’s Museum of Fin Art & Tretiaykov Gallery the most big famous in

Moscow. In Tretiaukov Gallery you can find pictures & drawings a great

member of pianists all other the world, begin from icon & pectoris from

Eugept to mordent pianists .A lot of exhibitions held there. Also in Moscow

situated The State Moscow University It one of the best universities in

Europe. Nowadays Moscow became a mordent city with wide streets with great

member of restoring, clubs, cinemas & so on .At night Moscow is illuminate

with many lights. Also now appeared big shops & you can see beautiful shop-

windows in the greatest & biggest streets of our city. I think that our

town very beautiful & as I know ,All tourists admired by it & I’m theory

proud that I live in Moscow.


© 2011 Все права защищены